There are as many different styles and training methods as there are professional horse trainers, and the horse training books that are available are to numerous to mention. However, there is some agreement on the basic methods on how to train a horse, and caring for the horse hoof problems that will face anyone who’s responsible for the animal. Do you have a foal that will need to be trained for riding? If you are looking for basic information on ways to train a horse after they have been weaned from their mother, then the following tips should be most helpful.

The halter

The first thing that will have to be introduced to the horse is the halter. This task is easier said than done because the horse may get frisky when the halter is put on their head for the first time. When the horse becomes comfortable with the halter it would be a good time to get the horse familiar with grooming, and take this opportunity to place a riding blanket on their back. The next step for you will be to work with the horse in a round pen.

The round pen

The training of basic maneuvers is conducted in a small circular pen called a round pen.

Training in the round pen begins with trotting and stopping the horse on command. Other training tasks will include turning and backing the horse up, all on command. This training of starting, stopping, turning, and backing up will continue until the horse begins to perform on command. The next step involves attaching a lunge line to the halter. A lunge rope is about 25 feet long and you will need to wear gloves when working with the horse. The lunge line is used to train the horse much like you would use the reins to turn and stop the horse by pulling on the rope.

Driving lessons

By this time the horse and trainer will have established a bond of trust and both will be ready for the driving lessons. The driving lessons will use two ropes about 25 feet long and are attached to each side of the halter. The trainer teaches the horse to follow commands while walking behind the horse, as this prepares them for the saddle. Once you are comfortable with the horse’s compliance you can take them to the corral for more complex maneuvers, while fine tuning the basic ones.


When you are comfortable with how the horse is behaving to your verbal and non-verbal commands, it will be time to saddle the horse. The task will be best attempted in the round pen to limit the area you’re working in. Saddling the horse may take several attempts because this is yet another new experience for the young horse. Be prepared for the horse to resist the saddle by bucking and running away from you as you attempt saddling. The key will be lots of patience from you, and encouragement towards the horse. Eventually the horse will realize that the saddle posses no threat to them and will submit to the saddling process.

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